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Is CBD Legal?

The legal use of CBD varies globally. Even in the United States, there is no specific or nationwide law. Each state has different laws that regulate the use of CBD, which is sometimes different from federal regulations. 

It can be very confusing to determine exactly what the legal specifications of CBD products are in the United States, but all countries have different views and regulations as well. 

CBD Legality

Other countries are in a similar position on CBD. Most countries also have different states, provinces, or regions that all have different laws on the products’ use and distribution. Countries like Europe, Germany, and Italy have allowed the use and distribution of CBD as long as the THC content is lower than a certain percentage. 

Other countries, such as Croatia, have banned the product altogether. The only real consistency between most countries is that CBD is beneficial for health and wellness.

Is CBD Safe? 

While CBD has many health benefits, there are also a few side effects that people should consider before using. The most common side effects are irritability, fatigue and nausea, but another concern is that it has a blood-thinning component called coumadin. This component can cause complications if the user is taking other medications at the same time. 

The biggest safety concern with CBD products is how many distributors add preservative chemicals and other unnecessary ingredients to the product. 

These chemicals not only dull the natural effects of CBD but can also cause side effects in users. The FDA is currently not regulating CBD, so distributors can sell untested CBD products. 

It is also not currently clear what the recommended dosages of CBD are for different ailments, so it is nearly impossible to tell what the exact amount is of the product a person should take.

CBD vs. THC: Differences and Similarities 

As stated before, CBD and THC are both important active components of the cannabis plant. That being said, they are completely different chemicals but actually have somewhat similar effects. The main difference is that CBD is not a psychoactive compound, so it does not produce that “high” sensation that THC is known for. Both compounds, however, can treat pain, nausea and muscle spasms. 

Cannabis Varieties and the CBD Levels 

Strains of cannabis come in a variety of options, some being stronger than others. You can use different methods to grow types of plants that have more or less potent cannabinoids.

For example, the hemp cannabis plant has a lower cannabinoid concentration and is grown more for its fiber which can be used to make things like rope and fabric. 

There are three major varieties of cannabis plants, including Cannabis indica, Cannabis ruderalis and Cannabis sativa. 

  • Cannabis indica: Of the three main varieties, this one has a much higher concentrations of THC. Therefore, this variety is popular for its recreational and medicinal uses.
  • Cannabis ruderalis: This variety produces the lowest concentration of THC. It does, however, have a higher concentration of CBD so it is a popular choice in medicinal use.
  • Cannabis sativa: This variety was initially grown for its industrial fiber which has many uses. However, it is also used heavily for recreational use due to its high levels of THC.

What Do Scientists Say About CBD? 

There are hundreds of different opinions about CBD. Most scientists will agree that CBD has medical properties that are extremely beneficial, but there is still a lot of research that needs to be done to measure the effects long-term. Being a natural product does not make it a medical miracle worker, but with the recent growth of positive feedback, more and more scientists are looking into how CBD works.

Finding the Best CBD Oil for You 

Doing plenty of research is very important when looking for CBD oil. It’s also important to purchase the product from a trusted, certified distributor. CBD is a natural product, so be sure to read the ingredient label and be aware of any added chemicals or preservatives. These added ingredients could hinder the natural effects of CBD as well as cause secondary reactions. 

With the influx in research associated with CBD, there are many resources and experts who can point those looking for CBD oil in the right direction. However, it is always a good idea for a new user to consult their family physician before adding any new products to their regimen and they should never stop taking prescription medication without first consulting a medical doctor. 

Where is CBD Oil Legal

So, is CBD oil legal? Currently, not all states have legalized CBD. The laws on the consumption of the hemp substance also vary by state. The chart below details the states that have approved the sale of CBD and the restrictions that are enforced specifically by state.

State Restrictions
Alabama N/A
Alaska Cannot be used on food/beverages
Arizona Cannot be used on food/beverages
Arkansas Cannot be used on food/beverages
California Cannot be used on food/beverages
Colorado Cannot be used in baked goods
Connecticut CBD-infused food/beverages must be registered
Delaware Sourced hemp must be affiliated with the Delaware State University
Florida Labeling of products is regulated by law
Georgia Cannot be used on food/beverages
Hawaii N/A
Illinois N/A
Indiana Labeling of products is regulated by law
Kansas Cannot be used on food/beverages
Kentucky CBD-infused tea is illegal
Louisiana Several product restrictions, check state law for specific details.
Maine Hemp must be sourced from a licensed Maine hemp grower
Maryland Check state laws for more detailed restrictions
Massachusetts CBD-infused food/beverage must be tested for purity
Michigan Cannot be used on food/beverages
Minnesota Cannot be used on food/beverages
Mississippi Product ratio must be 20:1 CBD:THC
Missouri Must be 18+ years old.
Montana Cannot be used on food/beverages
Nebraska Cannot be used on food/beverages
Nevada Cannot be used on food/beverages and can only be bought at cannabis stores
New Hampshire Check state laws for specific restrictions
New Jersey N/A
New Mexico N/A
New York Cannot be used on food/beverages. All products must be tested for purity.
North Carolina Cannot be used on food/beverages
North Dakota N/A
Ohio N/A
Oklahoma N/A
Oregon Check state law for specific restrictions
Pennsylvania Cannot be used on food/beverages
Rhode Island Check state law for specific restrictions
South Carolina Cannot be used on food/beverages
Tennessee N/A
Texas Check state law for specific restrictions
Utah Products require registration
Vermont Cannot combine CBD with meat or dairy
Virginia N/A
Washington Cannot be used on food/beverages
West Virginia Cannot be used on food/beverages
Wisconsin Cannot be used on food/beverages
Wyoming N/A

When trying out CBD Oil for the first time, users should understand that effects may not be noticeable overnight. It is important to give it time to show that it is working.

Keep in mind that using CBD to treat, cure or prevent any illness should be discussed with your medical provider. The job to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease should be left to a professional.

Hemp-derived CBD products (with less than 0.3 percent THC) are legal on the federal level, but are still illegal under some state laws. Marijuana-derived CBD products are illegal on the federal level, but are legal under some state laws. Check your state’s laws and those of anywhere you travel. Keep in mind that nonprescription CBD products are not FDA-approved, and may be inaccurately labeled.